The first Case Management Conference (CMC) in the Financial Conduct Authority's (FCA) case on business interruption (BI) insurance coverage took place earlier last week.

At a day-long virtual hearing, the Court decided a number of important procedural issues including confirmation of the “test case” status of the claim against a group of eight insurers which the FCA hopes will resolve contractual uncertainty around BI policies as a result of the Coronavirus pandemic. The case is being closely watched by the industry including the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) who flagged in a Dear CEO letter published the day after the CMC, that insurers are expected to monitor the potential financial impact of the court case to their capital positions. We address some of the other key legal issues discussed at the CMC below.

The role of the FCA was clarified, with Counsel for the FCA confirming that the FCA would argue on behalf of insureds and so adopt an adversarial role against insurers in these proceedings. This should not be taken as a display of partisanship by the FCA. Instead, it should be viewed in the context of the FCA’s statutory objectives: by addressing issues of coverage and causation under business interruption policies, the FCA seeks to reduce uncertainty in the market and protect consumers. 

The FCA’s application for the case to be admitted to the Financial Markets Test Case Pilot Scheme (the “Scheme”) was granted. It will be the first case heard under the Scheme, which was set up to hear financial claims that raised issues requiring immediate court guidance. Although insurance claims generally do not fall within the remit of the Scheme, the judge noted that around 8,500 claims (with an approximate value of £1.2 billion) have been made under relevant BI policy wordings so the case raises issues relevant to the wider financial market and is in line with the spirit of the Scheme

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Written by:

Baljit Rai, Clifford Chance Senior Associate, Financial Institutions Corporate Group

Kengyi Kwek, Clifford Chance Lawyer, Financial Institutions Corporate Group


Please note this blog post was written by a Clifford Chance LLP employee. Clifford Chance LLP is the parent company of Clifford Chance Applied Solutions (CCAS). The content within this post does not constitute legal advice.